Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few related varieties of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly confer with various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Business rule in India.[eight]
The worldwide usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a superior a lot of Other people within the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was from time to time the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it is actually due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a pidžame t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are frequently bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, made to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really instead unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variants in fashion including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size, or, now and again, a person-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit snooze attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by children, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and can also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, inside the US, they've got often provided the latter for a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of shorter costume major over shorts or short pants.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps today refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.