Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with numerous connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and material.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and many by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans being an write-up of dishabille and of night apparel, and is also synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the behavior similar to a very good several others within the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London retailers. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is due to White Ants."
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mix fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket factor usually provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes sold as separates.
In pidzame colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also called a entice doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, built to allow the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed before the nineteen fifties, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
Up to date
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit sleep attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've got often involved the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of short dress leading more than shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas might right now consult with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become well-known while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.